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Alchemy is an influential philosophical tradition whose early practitioners' claims to profound powers were known from antiquity. The defining objectives of alchemy are varied; these include the creation of the fabled philosopher's stone possessing powers including the capability of turning base metals into the noble metals gold or silver, as well as an elixir of life conferring youth and immortality. Western alchemy is recognized as a protoscience that contributed to the development of modern chemistry and medicine. Alchemists developed a framework of theory, terminology, experimental process and basic laboratory techniques that are still recognizable today. But alchemy differs from modern science in the inclusion of Hermetic principles and practices related to mythology, religion, and spirituality.
- Related: Biological transmutation, Chemistry, Chinese alchemy, Cupellation, Hermes Trismegistus, Historicism, Metaphysics, Nuclear transmutation, Philosopher's Stone, Physics, Porta Alchemica, Protoscience, Scientific method, Superseded scientific theories, Synthesis of precious metals
SHAC: Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
www.ambix.org - Web
ESSWE: European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism
www.esswe.org - Web
Association for the Study of Esotericism
www.aseweb.org - Web
Gallery for «Alchemy»
The Alchemy Website.
www.alchemywebsite.com - Web
Dictionary of the History of Ideas:
xtf.lib.virginia.edu/.../DicHist1.xml;chunk.id=dv1-04 - Web
Book of Secrets: Alchemy and the European Imagination, 1500-2000
beinecke.library.yale.edu/digitallibrary/alchemy.html - Web